The rules for healthy feet
The conception of comfort and healthy footwear for adults and for children, too has to follow certain rules. These rules come out of scientifically defined constructional principles and empirical experience based on a long term cooperation between medicine doctors and footwear specialists. Mainly we talk about the standarts ensuring ortopedic comfort, safety, suitable physical and mechanical qualities and hygienic comfort of used materials.
Around 98% of all children are born with healthy feet. Unfortunately when they are adult 40% of them suffer from feet pains, about 12% of these cases have to be even flexibly cured. And according to the analysis of quantities of these operations this tendency is increasing.
Earlier the main reasons of damage on children feet were mainly caused by ilnesses, malnurition and sometimes exhaustion. Today there´s just only one reason we can talk about – unfitting children footwear!!!
Split feet are especially cause by wearing shoes that do not fit – it is either too short, too narrow (tight) or too sharp. Also too wide shoes in which the foot slides down to the top can cause serious feet damages. Especially dangerous is wearing sharp footwear with high heels.
It is certain that a lot of parents do not know how to choose the right children shoes. Another not less important fact is that unfortunately you can find children shoes that do not follow basic ortopedic and hygienic criteria at our market– that´s why COKA (Czech footwear and leather association) brought up voluntary certification declaring healthy comfort of children shoes.
Principles for healthy footwear
Shape of shoes
Children´s shoes must have rounded toe cap that provides enough space for toes. The more smooth the inner edge of the shoe is, the better, because the toe is in its natural position and it is not pushed towards the other fingers. We would like to warn you to avoid wearing of modern sharpen shoes because this may cause the fingers´ deformities
Please choose the footwear that is made of natural materials – leather, textile – these are soft, permeable and they absorb the humidity. Their most important feature is that they adapt to anatomic shape of foot.
The list of materials that „breath“
1.Textile – (natural fibres such as wool, chemical fibres – Polyamid…etc)
2.Leather (but only if it isn´t ………)
3.Water-resistant footwear with air-permeant membrane (e.g. –tex shoes)
Children´s feet sedat quite a lot, whereas the biggest source of humidity is the sole. Therefore each footwear especially the one with closed style needs to have the insole or inley made out of absorbent material – leather, textile…etc
Foot needs to be very well fixed in the shoe. There might not happen any side movements in a heel part of the foot. That´s why each children´s shoe of closed shape or sandals with full heal seat needs to have tough enough, high and long counter ( the inner part in the heal part)
The style of the top
Good fixation of foot in the shoe is also provided by suitable style of the top because it holds the foot against the counter and avoids the movement of our foot in the shoe. We recommend lace shoes or maybe the shoes with closed belts with bucles or velcro fasteners. You should buy the booties in the smallest sizes.
The shoe needs to be very elastic in the spot of the biggest flexibility. Too tough and unrelenting footwear increase tiredness and interrups the comfort of walk and healthy progress of our feet. It is common, that the more thicker the sole is, the more tougher the shoe is. We recommend to try when buying shoes how big is the resistance of the shoe when turning the toe cap towards instep.
Dampening characters of shoes
Tough falls on concrete, asphalt or paving effect health of our bones, joints and auricular cartilages of under limbs. Best precaution is the sole with good dampening characters.
Speaking about the children´s shoes the heel needs to be as low as possible with large breadth for children equilibration. High thin heels are especially unsuitable for children.
Often neglected character of the shoe is it´s weight. That needs to be as smallest as possible, especially if we consider that the child does 18-20 thousand steps a day.
What you might not know:
- only sometimes is left foot as long as the right one. And mostly the difference is quite visible - up to 6 mm
- feet are a lot larger in the evening than in the morning. Thay gain about 5% of their volume, they are about 3 mm longer and about 1 cm wider – that´s why it is recommended to try on shoes in the afternoon
- feet are long when you are standing that when you are sitting – it depends on weight of your body – the difference makes about 3-6 mm (that means to measure your feet only when you are standing)
- while you are moving the foot gets little bit longer due to a big press and simultaneously the toe moves forward step by step (that´s why we should buy shoes approximately 12 mm longer than our foot)
Producing costs on quality children´s shoes are almost the same as on shoes for adults. Quality children´s shoes are not cheap. Please do not get influenced by lower price – often bought on market places – in most cases you might hurt your children´s feet by buying them.